原创

Go实现雪花算法源码

源码

// Package snowflake provides a very simple Twitter snowflake generator and parser.
package snowflake

import (
    "encoding/base64"
    "encoding/binary"
    "errors"
    "fmt"
    "strconv"
    "sync"
    "time"
)

var (
    // Epoch is set to the twitter snowflake epoch of Nov 04 2010 01:42:54 UTC in milliseconds
    // You may customize this to set a different epoch for your application.
    Epoch int64 = 1288834974657

    // NodeBits holds the number of bits to use for Node
    // Remember, you have a total 22 bits to share between Node/Step
    NodeBits uint8 = 10

    // StepBits holds the number of bits to use for Step
    // Remember, you have a total 22 bits to share between Node/Step
    StepBits uint8 = 12

    // DEPRECATED: the below four variables will be removed in a future release.
    mu        sync.Mutex
    nodeMax   int64 = -1 ^ (-1 << NodeBits)
    nodeMask        = nodeMax << StepBits
    stepMask  int64 = -1 ^ (-1 << StepBits)
    timeShift       = NodeBits + StepBits
    nodeShift       = StepBits
)

const encodeBase32Map = "ybndrfg8ejkmcpqxot1uwisza345h769"

var decodeBase32Map [256]byte

const encodeBase58Map = "123456789abcdefghijkmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHJKLMNPQRSTUVWXYZ"

var decodeBase58Map [256]byte

// A JSONSyntaxError is returned from UnmarshalJSON if an invalid ID is provided.
type JSONSyntaxError struct{ original []byte }

func (j JSONSyntaxError) Error() string {
    return fmt.Sprintf("invalid snowflake ID %q", string(j.original))
}

// ErrInvalidBase58 is returned by ParseBase58 when given an invalid []byte
var ErrInvalidBase58 = errors.New("invalid base58")

// ErrInvalidBase32 is returned by ParseBase32 when given an invalid []byte
var ErrInvalidBase32 = errors.New("invalid base32")

// Create maps for decoding Base58/Base32.
// This speeds up the process tremendously.
func init() {

    for i := 0; i < len(encodeBase58Map); i++ {
        decodeBase58Map[i] = 0xFF
    }

    for i := 0; i < len(encodeBase58Map); i++ {
        decodeBase58Map[encodeBase58Map[i]] = byte(i)
    }

    for i := 0; i < len(encodeBase32Map); i++ {
        decodeBase32Map[i] = 0xFF
    }

    for i := 0; i < len(encodeBase32Map); i++ {
        decodeBase32Map[encodeBase32Map[i]] = byte(i)
    }
}

// A Node struct holds the basic information needed for a snowflake generator
// node
type Node struct {
    mu    sync.Mutex
    epoch time.Time
    time  int64
    node  int64
    step  int64

    nodeMax   int64
    nodeMask  int64
    stepMask  int64
    timeShift uint8
    nodeShift uint8
}

// An ID is a custom type used for a snowflake ID.  This is used so we can
// attach methods onto the ID.
type ID int64

// NewNode returns a new snowflake node that can be used to generate snowflake
// IDs
func NewNode(node int64) (*Node, error) {

    // re-calc in case custom NodeBits or StepBits were set
    // DEPRECATED: the below block will be removed in a future release.
    mu.Lock()
    nodeMax = -1 ^ (-1 << NodeBits)
    nodeMask = nodeMax << StepBits
    stepMask = -1 ^ (-1 << StepBits)
    timeShift = NodeBits + StepBits
    nodeShift = StepBits
    mu.Unlock()

    n := Node{}
    n.node = node
    n.nodeMax = -1 ^ (-1 << NodeBits)
    n.nodeMask = n.nodeMax << StepBits
    n.stepMask = -1 ^ (-1 << StepBits)
    n.timeShift = NodeBits + StepBits
    n.nodeShift = StepBits

    if n.node < 0 || n.node > n.nodeMax {
        return nil, errors.New("Node number must be between 0 and " + strconv.FormatInt(n.nodeMax, 10))
    }

    var curTime = time.Now()
    // add time.Duration to curTime to make sure we use the monotonic clock if available
    n.epoch = curTime.Add(time.Unix(Epoch/1000, (Epoch%1000)*1000000).Sub(curTime))

    return &n, nil
}

// Generate creates and returns a unique snowflake ID
// To help guarantee uniqueness
// - Make sure your system is keeping accurate system time
// - Make sure you never have multiple nodes running with the same node ID
func (n *Node) Generate() ID {

    n.mu.Lock()

    now := time.Since(n.epoch).Nanoseconds() / 1000000

    if now == n.time {
        n.step = (n.step + 1) & n.stepMask

        if n.step == 0 {
            for now <= n.time {
                now = time.Since(n.epoch).Nanoseconds() / 1000000
            }
        }
    } else {
        n.step = 0
    }

    n.time = now

    r := ID((now)<<n.timeShift |
        (n.node << n.nodeShift) |
        (n.step),
    )

    n.mu.Unlock()
    return r
}

// Int64 returns an int64 of the snowflake ID
func (f ID) Int64() int64 {
    return int64(f)
}

// ParseInt64 converts an int64 into a snowflake ID
func ParseInt64(id int64) ID {
    return ID(id)
}

// String returns a string of the snowflake ID
func (f ID) String() string {
    return strconv.FormatInt(int64(f), 10)
}

// ParseString converts a string into a snowflake ID
func ParseString(id string) (ID, error) {
    i, err := strconv.ParseInt(id, 10, 64)
    return ID(i), err

}

// Base2 returns a string base2 of the snowflake ID
func (f ID) Base2() string {
    return strconv.FormatInt(int64(f), 2)
}

// ParseBase2 converts a Base2 string into a snowflake ID
func ParseBase2(id string) (ID, error) {
    i, err := strconv.ParseInt(id, 2, 64)
    return ID(i), err
}

// Base32 uses the z-base-32 character set but encodes and decodes similar
// to base58, allowing it to create an even smaller result string.
// NOTE: There are many different base32 implementations so becareful when
// doing any interoperation.
func (f ID) Base32() string {

    if f < 32 {
        return string(encodeBase32Map[f])
    }

    b := make([]byte, 0, 12)
    for f >= 32 {
        b = append(b, encodeBase32Map[f%32])
        f /= 32
    }
    b = append(b, encodeBase32Map[f])

    for x, y := 0, len(b)-1; x < y; x, y = x+1, y-1 {
        b[x], b[y] = b[y], b[x]
    }

    return string(b)
}

// ParseBase32 parses a base32 []byte into a snowflake ID
// NOTE: There are many different base32 implementations so becareful when
// doing any interoperation.
func ParseBase32(b []byte) (ID, error) {

    var id int64

    for i := range b {
        if decodeBase32Map[b[i]] == 0xFF {
            return -1, ErrInvalidBase32
        }
        id = id*32 + int64(decodeBase32Map[b[i]])
    }

    return ID(id), nil
}

// Base36 returns a base36 string of the snowflake ID
func (f ID) Base36() string {
    return strconv.FormatInt(int64(f), 36)
}

// ParseBase36 converts a Base36 string into a snowflake ID
func ParseBase36(id string) (ID, error) {
    i, err := strconv.ParseInt(id, 36, 64)
    return ID(i), err
}

// Base58 returns a base58 string of the snowflake ID
func (f ID) Base58() string {

    if f < 58 {
        return string(encodeBase58Map[f])
    }

    b := make([]byte, 0, 11)
    for f >= 58 {
        b = append(b, encodeBase58Map[f%58])
        f /= 58
    }
    b = append(b, encodeBase58Map[f])

    for x, y := 0, len(b)-1; x < y; x, y = x+1, y-1 {
        b[x], b[y] = b[y], b[x]
    }

    return string(b)
}

// ParseBase58 parses a base58 []byte into a snowflake ID
func ParseBase58(b []byte) (ID, error) {

    var id int64

    for i := range b {
        if decodeBase58Map[b[i]] == 0xFF {
            return -1, ErrInvalidBase58
        }
        id = id*58 + int64(decodeBase58Map[b[i]])
    }

    return ID(id), nil
}

// Base64 returns a base64 string of the snowflake ID
func (f ID) Base64() string {
    return base64.StdEncoding.EncodeToString(f.Bytes())
}

// ParseBase64 converts a base64 string into a snowflake ID
func ParseBase64(id string) (ID, error) {
    b, err := base64.StdEncoding.DecodeString(id)
    if err != nil {
        return -1, err
    }
    return ParseBytes(b)

}

// Bytes returns a byte slice of the snowflake ID
func (f ID) Bytes() []byte {
    return []byte(f.String())
}

// ParseBytes converts a byte slice into a snowflake ID
func ParseBytes(id []byte) (ID, error) {
    i, err := strconv.ParseInt(string(id), 10, 64)
    return ID(i), err
}

// IntBytes returns an array of bytes of the snowflake ID, encoded as a
// big endian integer.
func (f ID) IntBytes() [8]byte {
    var b [8]byte
    binary.BigEndian.PutUint64(b[:], uint64(f))
    return b
}

// ParseIntBytes converts an array of bytes encoded as big endian integer as
// a snowflake ID
func ParseIntBytes(id [8]byte) ID {
    return ID(int64(binary.BigEndian.Uint64(id[:])))
}

// Time returns an int64 unix timestamp in milliseconds of the snowflake ID time
// DEPRECATED: the below function will be removed in a future release.
func (f ID) Time() int64 {
    return (int64(f) >> timeShift) + Epoch
}

// Node returns an int64 of the snowflake ID node number
// DEPRECATED: the below function will be removed in a future release.
func (f ID) Node() int64 {
    return int64(f) & nodeMask >> nodeShift
}

// Step returns an int64 of the snowflake step (or sequence) number
// DEPRECATED: the below function will be removed in a future release.
func (f ID) Step() int64 {
    return int64(f) & stepMask
}

// MarshalJSON returns a json byte array string of the snowflake ID.
func (f ID) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error) {
    buff := make([]byte, 0, 22)
    buff = append(buff, '"')
    buff = strconv.AppendInt(buff, int64(f), 10)
    buff = append(buff, '"')
    return buff, nil
}

// UnmarshalJSON converts a json byte array of a snowflake ID into an ID type.
func (f *ID) UnmarshalJSON(b []byte) error {
    if len(b) < 3 || b[0] != '"' || b[len(b)-1] != '"' {
        return JSONSyntaxError{b}
    }

    i, err := strconv.ParseInt(string(b[1:len(b)-1]), 10, 64)
    if err != nil {
        return err
    }

    *f = ID(i)
    return nil
}

测试

package main

import (
    "../snowflake"
    "fmt"
)

/*
Golang实现雪花算法snowflake
*/
func main() {
    // Create a new Node with a Node number of 1
    node, err := snowflake.NewNode(1)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
        return
    }

    // Generate a snowflake ID.
    id := node.Generate()

    // Print out the ID in a few different ways.
    fmt.Printf("Int64  ID: %d\n", id)
    fmt.Printf("String ID: %s\n", id)
    fmt.Printf("Base2  ID: %s\n", id.Base2())
    fmt.Printf("Base64 ID: %s\n", id.Base64())

    // Print out the ID's timestamp
    fmt.Printf("ID Time  : %d\n", id.Time())

    // Print out the ID's node number
    fmt.Printf("ID Node  : %d\n", id.Node())

    // Print out the ID's sequence number
    fmt.Printf("ID Step  : %d\n", id.Step())

    // Generate and print, all in one.
    fmt.Printf("ID       : %d\n", node.Generate().Int64())
}

GitHub源码下载

https://github.com/lzhpo/SnowFlake-Golang

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