原创

Android表单组件

12. ToggleButton(状态开关)和Switch(开关)

ToggleButton_Switch.png

MainActivity:

package com.lzhpo.toggle_switch;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.CompoundButton;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.Switch;
import android.widget.Toast;
import android.widget.ToggleButton;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    ToggleButton toggleButton;
    ImageView imageView;
    Switch aSwitch;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        //绑定安卓的前端id
        toggleButton = findViewById(R.id.toggleButton);
        imageView = findViewById(R.id.imageView);
        aSwitch = findViewById(R.id.switch1);
        //监听状态开关
        toggleButton.setOnCheckedChangeListener(new CompoundButton.OnCheckedChangeListener() {
            @Override
            public void onCheckedChanged(CompoundButton compoundButton, boolean b) {
//                android:textOn="开启"
//                android:textOff="关闭"
                if (b) {
                    imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.img2);
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "已经开启", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                } else {
                    imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.img1);
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "已经关闭", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }
            }
        });
        //switch
        aSwitch.setOnCheckedChangeListener(new CompoundButton.OnCheckedChangeListener() {
            @Override
            public void onCheckedChanged(CompoundButton compoundButton, boolean b) {
//                android:textOn="on"
//                android:textOff="off"
                if (b) {
                    imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.img2);
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "已经开启", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                } else {
                    imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.img1);
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "已经关闭", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }
            }
        });
    }
}

activity_main.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <ToggleButton
            android:id="@+id/toggleButton"
            android:textOn="开启"
            android:textOff="关闭"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="ToggleButton" />

        <ImageView
            android:id="@+id/imageView"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            app:srcCompat="@mipmap/ic_launcher" />

    </LinearLayout>


    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <Switch
            android:id="@+id/switch1"
            android:textOn="on"
            android:textOff="off"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="Switch" />

    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

13. RatingBar(星级评分条)

默认简易版评分条

简易评分条.png

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">


    <!--
    android:isIndicator:是否用作指示,用户无法更改,默认false
    android:numStars:显示多少个星星,必须为整数
    android:rating:默认评分值,必须为浮点数
    android:stepSize: 评分每次增加的值,必须为浮点数
    -->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <RatingBar
            android:id="@+id/ratingBar"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    </LinearLayout>

</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

MainActivity.java:

package com.lzhpo.ratingbar;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.RatingBar;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    RatingBar ratingBar;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        ratingBar = findViewById(R.id.ratingBar);
        ratingBar.setOnRatingBarChangeListener(new RatingBar.OnRatingBarChangeListener() {
            //三个参数属性:RatingBar、评分的星级数、fromUser
            @Override
            public void onRatingChanged(RatingBar ratingBar, float rating, boolean fromUser) {
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "rating:" + String.valueOf(rating), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        });
    }
}

14. 进度条

14.1 系统默认进度条

系统默认进度条.png

activity_main.xml:

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <!-- 系统提供的圆形进度条,依次是大中小 -->

    <ProgressBar
        style="@android:style/Widget.ProgressBar.Small"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <ProgressBar
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <ProgressBar
        style="@android:style/Widget.ProgressBar.Large"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <!--系统提供的水平进度条-->
    <ProgressBar
        style="@android:style/Widget.ProgressBar.Horizontal"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:max="100"
        android:progress="18" />

    <ProgressBar
        style="@android:style/Widget.ProgressBar.Horizontal"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="10dp"
        android:indeterminate="true" />

</LinearLayout>

14.2 自己设计进度条

自己设计进度条.png

res/drawable目录下创建amin_pgbar.xml文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<animation-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:oneshot="false" >

    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_01"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_02"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_03"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_04"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_05"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_06"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_07"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_08"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_09"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_10"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_11"
        android:duration="200"/>
    <item
        android:drawable="@drawable/loading_12"
        android:duration="200"/>

</animation-list>

activity_main.xml:

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/img_pgbar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:src="@drawable/amin_pgbar"  />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="数据加载中..." />
</LinearLayout>

MainActivity.java:

package com.lzhpo.progressbar;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;

import android.graphics.drawable.AnimationDrawable;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.ImageView;

/**
 * 接着写个布局文件,里面仅仅有一个ImageView即可,用于显示进度条,把src(android:src="@drawable/ic_launcher_background")设置为上述drawable资源即可!
 * 最后到MainActivity.java
 */
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private ImageView img_pgbar;
    private AnimationDrawable ad;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        img_pgbar = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.img_pgbar);
        ad = (AnimationDrawable) img_pgbar.getDrawable();
        img_pgbar.postDelayed(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                ad.start();
            }
        }, 100);
    }
}

15. SeekBar(拖动条)

15.1 系统默认拖动条

SeekBar拖动条.png

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <!--
            android:max="100" //滑动条的最大值
            android:progress="60" //滑动条的当前值
            android:secondaryProgress="70" //二级滑动条的进度
            android:thumb = "@mipmap/sb_icon" //滑块的drawable
        -->

        <SeekBar
            android:id="@+id/sb_normal"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/txt_cur"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="当前进度值" />
    </LinearLayout>

</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

MainActivity.java:

package com.lzhpo.seekbar;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;

import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.SeekBar;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private SeekBar sb_normal;
    private TextView txt_cur;
    private Context mContext;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        mContext = MainActivity.this;
        bindViews();
    }

    private void bindViews() {
        sb_normal = (SeekBar) findViewById(R.id.sb_normal);
        txt_cur = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.txt_cur);
        /**
         * getMax():返回这个进度条的范围的上限
         * getProgress():返回进度
         * getSecondaryProgress():返回次要进度
         * incrementProgressBy(int diff):指定增加的进度
         * isIndeterminate():指示进度条是否在不确定模式下
         * setIndeterminate(boolean indeterminate):设置不确定模式下
         */
        sb_normal.setOnSeekBarChangeListener(new SeekBar.OnSeekBarChangeListener() {
            @Override
            public void onProgressChanged(SeekBar seekBar, int progress, boolean fromUser) {
                txt_cur.setText("当前进度值:" + progress + "  / 100 ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onStartTrackingTouch(SeekBar seekBar) {
                Toast.makeText(mContext, "触碰SeekBar", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }

            @Override
            public void onStopTrackingTouch(SeekBar seekBar) {
                Toast.makeText(mContext, "放开SeekBar", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        });
    }
}

16. 单选按钮

单选按钮.png

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <!-- 单选按钮 -->

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="请选择性别"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />

    <RadioGroup
        android:id="@+id/radioGroup"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/radioButton"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="男" />

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/radioButton2"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="女" />
    </RadioGroup>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button"
        android:layout_width="300px"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="提交" />

</LinearLayout>

MainActivity.java

package com.lzhpo.radiobutton;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.RadioButton;
import android.widget.RadioGroup;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    RadioGroup radioGroup;
    RadioButton radioButton;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        radioGroup = findViewById(R.id.radioGroup);
        radioGroup.setOnCheckedChangeListener(new RadioGroup.OnCheckedChangeListener() {
            @Override
            public void onCheckedChanged(RadioGroup radioGroup, int checkedId) {
                radioButton = findViewById(checkedId);
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "按钮组值发生改变,你选了" + radioButton.getText(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
        });
    }
}
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